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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English - about

 

Связанные словари

About

about
~1 S1 W1 prep 1 on or dealing with a particular subject  (a book about politics | She said something about leaving town.) all ~ (=all the details of a particular subject)  (Naturally, my mother wanted to know all about it.) 2 in many different directions within a particular place, or in different parts of a place  (We spent the whole afternoon walking about town. | Books were scattered about the room.)  (- see also round3) 3 in the nature or character of a person or thing  (There's something really odd about Liza. | What I like about the movie is the dialogue.) 4 what about/how about spoken a) used to ask for news or information about someone or something  (What about Jack? We can't just leave him here.) b) used to make a suggestion  (How about a salad for lunch?) 5 spoken used to introduce a subject that you want to talk about  (About that car of yours. How much are you selling it for?) it's ~  (It's about Tommy, doctor. He's been sick again.) 6 do sth about to do something to solve a problem or stop a bad situation  (What can be done about the rising levels of pollution?) 7 if an organization, a job, an activity etc is about something, that is its basic purpose  (Basically, the job's all about helping people get the benefits they are entitled to.) 8 be quick about it spoken used to tell someone to do something quickly  (Get me a drink and be quick about it.) 9 while you're about it spoken used to tell someone to do something while they are doing something else because it would be easier to do both at the same time  (Clean up while I'm away and you might as well do the attic while you're about it.) 10 about your person formal if you hide something about your person, you hide it in your clothes  (He had concealed the weapon somewhere about his person.) 11 literary surrounding a person or thing  (Jo sensed fear and jealousy all about her.) ~2 S1 W1 adv 1 more or less a particular number or amount; approximately (approximate1)  (I live about 10 miles away.) round ~ (=used when guessing a exact number or amount)  (We left the restaurant at round about 10.30.) 2 in many different directions within a place or in different parts of a place  (Cushions were scattered about on the chairs.) 3 near to you or in the same place as you  (Is Derrick about? There's a phone call for him. | Quick! Let's go while there's no-one about.) 4 there's a lot of sth about/there's not much of sth about especially spoken used to say that something is very common, or that not much of it exists or is available  (I hope she hasn't caught that flu bug. There's a lot of it about at the moment.) 5 informal almost  (The food's about ready.)  (- see also just about (just1 (8))) 6 that's about it/all informal used to tell someone that you have told them everything you know  (He was a quiet chap, married with kids. That's about it really.) 7 in the opposite direction that you were facing before  (He quickly turned about.)  (- see also round3 (USAGE)) ~3 adj 1 be about to do sth if someone is about to do something or if something is about to happen, they will do it or it will happen very soon  (Sit down everyone. The film's about to start.) 2 not be about to do sth informal used to emphasize that you have no intention of doing something  (I've never smoked in my life and I'm not about to start now.)  (- see also out and about (out1 (33)), be up and about (up3 (6)))
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1.
  Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. Note: In addition to the uses shown below, 'about' is used after some verbs, nouns, and adjectives to introduce extra information. 'About' is also often used after verbs of movement, such as ‘walk’ and ‘drive’, and in phrasal verbs such as ‘mess about’ and ‘set about’, especially in British English. 1. You use about to introduce who or what something relates to or concerns. She came in for a coffee, and told me about her friend Shona... She knew a lot about food... He never complains about his wife. PREP 2. When you mention the things that an activity or institution is about, you are saying what it involves or what its aims are. Leadership is about the ability to implement change. PREP 3. You use about after some adjectives to indicate the person or thing that a feeling or state of mind relates to. ‘I’m sorry about Patrick,’ she said... I feel so guilty and angry about the whole issue. PREP 4. If you do something about a problem, you take action in order to solve it. Rachel was going to do something about Jacob... PREP 5. When you say that there is a particular quality about someone or something, you mean that they have this quality. I think there’s something a little peculiar about the results of your test. PREP 6. About is used in front of a number to show that the number is not exact. In my local health centre there’s about forty parking spaces... The rate of inflation is running at about 2.7 percent. = approximately, around ? precisely ADV: ADV num 7. If someone or something moves about, they keep moving in different directions. Everyone was running about. = around ADV: ADV after v • About is also a preposition. From 1879 to 1888 he wandered about Germany, Switzerland, and Italy... = around PREP: v PREP n 8. If you put something about a person or thing, you put it around them. Helen threw her arms about him... = round, around PREP 9. If someone or...
Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary
2.
   I. adverb  Etymology: Middle English, from Old English abutan, from 1a- + butan outside — more at but  Date: before 12th century  1.  a. reasonably close to ~ a year ago  b. almost ~ starved  c. on the verge of — usually used with be and a following infinitive is ~ to join the army — used with a negative to express intention or determination not ~ to quit  2. on all sides ; around  3.  a. in rotation  b. around the outside  4. here and there  5. in the vicinity ; near  6. in the opposite direction face ~ the other way ~  II. preposition  Date: before 12th century  1. in a circle around ; on every side of ; around  2.  a. in the immediate neighborhood of ; near  b. on or near the person of  c. in the makeup of a mature wisdom ~ him  d. at the command of has his wits ~ him  3. engaged in act as if they know what they're ~ — T. S. Matthews  4.  a. with regard to ; concerning spoke ~ his past  b. concerned with  c. fundamentally concerned with or directed toward poker is ~ money — David Mamet  5. over or in different parts of  III. adjective  Date: 1815  1. moving from place to place; specifically being out of bed  2. around 2 ...
Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary
3.
  prep. & adv. --prep. 1 a on the subject of; in connection with (a book about birds; what are you talking about?; argued about money). b relating to (something funny about this). c in relation to (symmetry about a plane). d so as to affect (can do nothing about it; what are you going to do about it?). 2 at a time near to (come about four). 3 a in, round, surrounding (wandered about the town; a scarf about her neck). b all round from a centre (look about you). 4 here and there in; at points throughout (toys lying about the house). 5 at a point or points near to (fighting going on about us). 6 carried with (have no money about me). 7 occupied with (what are you about?). --adv. 1 a approximately (costs about a pound; is about right). b colloq. used to indicate understatement (just about had enough; it's about time they came). 2 here and there; at points nearby (a lot of flu about; I've seen him about recently). 3 all round; in every direction (look about). 4 on the move; in action (out and about). 5 in partial rotation or alteration from a given position (the wrong way about). 6 in rotation or succession (turn and turn about). 7 Naut. on or to the opposite tack (go about; put about). Phrases and idioms be about to be on the point of (doing something) (was about to laugh). Etymology: OE onbutan (on = A(2), butan BUT(1)) ...
Толковый словарь английского языка Oxford English Reference
4.
  1. двигающийся, находящийся в движении 2. вставший с постели to be up and about —- быть на ногах, встать с постели; подняться после болезни 3. существующий, находящийся в обращении 4. мор. меняющий курс; ложащийся, поворачивающий на другой галс 5. указывает на нахождение в разных местах: повсюду, везде. в разных местах he was nowhere about —- его нигде не было don't leave papers lying about —- не разбрасывайте бумаги где попало there is a good deal of influenza about at present —- сейчас повсюду много случаев гриппа there is a rumour about —- ходит слух 6. указывает на нахождение поблизости: неподалеку, поблизости, рядом several schoolboys were standing about —- рядом стояло несколько школьников look about and see if you can find it —- поищи это где-нибудь здесь 7. указывает на движение в разных направлениях по какой-л. ограниченной территории: взад и вперед to stroll about —- прогуливаться they moved the furniture about —- они передвигали мебель 8. указывает на движение в противоположном направлении: обратно; кругом after swimming a mile he turned about and swam back to the shore —- проплыв милю, он повернул обратно к берегу about, about face turn —- ам. воен. кругом! about ship —- мор. поворот! to put about —- мор. делать поворот оверштаг 9. указывает на движение по кругу, по окружности: вокруг, в...
Новый большой англо-русский словарь
5.
  I  1. adv.  1) кругом, вокруг; везде, повсюду; в разных местах dont leave the papers about - не разбрасывай бумаги! he was nowhere about - его нигде не было (видно) there is a good deal of influenza about at present - сейчас повсюду много случаев гриппа rumours are about - ходят слухи  2) недале-коseveral schoolboys were standing about рядом стояло несколько школьниковhe was nowhere about он где-то здесь  3) приблизительно, около, почти; без малого about thirty miles - приблизительно тридцать миль about three oclock - около трёх часов about your size - примерно вашего размера he is about as tall as I am - он почти такого же роста, как и я; должно хватить he is about ready - он уже почти готов you are about right - вы почти правы just about enough coll. - примерно столько и нужно  4) указывает движение в разных направлениях по какой-л. ограниченной территории - по комнате, городу, стране и т.п. взад и вперёд; передается тж. глагольными префиксами to stroll about - прогуливаться they moved the furniture about - они передвигали мебель  5) указывает движение в противоположном направлении обратно; кругом after swimming a mile he turned about and swam back to the shore - проплыв милю, он повернул обратно к берегу aboutturn amer.; mil. - кругом! about ship naut. - поворот! (команда) to put about naut. - делать поворот оверштаг  6) указывает движение по кругу, по...
Англо-русский словарь
6.
  - O.E. onbutan, from on "on" + be "by" + utan "outside," so "around the outside of." It gradually forced out O.E. ymbe for other meanings, such as "in the neighborhood of." Abouts, with adverbial genitive, still found in hereabouts, etc., is probably a northern dialectal form. ...
Английский Этимологический словарь

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