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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

 

Связанные словари

A

a
~1 plural A's, a's n the first letter of the English alphabet ~2 n 1 also a the sixth note in the musical scale1 (8) of C major or the musical key1 (4) based on this note 2 the highest mark that a student can get in an examination or for a piece of work  (I got an A in French.) 3 an A student AmE someone who regularly gets the best marks possible for their work in school or college 4 from A to B from one place to another  (Hiring a car was the best way to get us from A to B.) 5 from A to Z describing, including, or knowing everything about a subject  (the history of 20th century art from A to Z) 6 A3/A4 standard sizes of paper in the European Union 7 a common type of blood ~3 the written abbreviation of amp
a ~ also an S1 W1 indefinite article, determiner 1 used before a noun that names something or someone that has not been mentioned before, or that the person you are talking to does not know about  (Do you have a car?)  (There's a spider in the bath.)  (- compare the1) 2 a) used before a noun that is one of a particular group or class of people or things  (I want to train to be a teacher.) b) used before someone's family name to show that they belong to that family  (Only a Peterson would drive a car like that!) 3 a) one  (a thousand pounds)  (a dozen eggs) b) a lot/a few/a little/a great deal etc used before certain words that express an amount of something  (There were a lot of people at the party.)  (A few weeks from now I'll be in Venice.) 4 twice a week/&5 a day etc two times each week, &5 each day etc; per  (I get paid once a month.)  (The eggs cost &2 a dozen.) 5 used before a noun to mean all things of that type  (A square has four sides. (=all squares have four sides)) 6 used before two nouns that are mentioned together so often that they are thought of as one thing  (a cup and saucer)  (Does everyone have a knife and fork?) 7 a) used before singular nouns, especially words for actions, meaning one example of that action  (Take a look at this.)  (It needs a good clean.) b) used before the -ing form of verbs when they are used as nouns  (a crashing of gears) c) used before an uncountable noun when other information about the noun is added by an adjective or phrase  (Candidates must have a good knowledge of chemistry.)  (a beauty that became legendary) 8 used before an uncountable noun to mean a type of it  (a particularly fine Stilton cheese) 9 used before the name of a painter or artist etc meaning a particular painting, sculpture etc by that person  (an early Rembrandt) 10 used before a name to mean having the same qualities as that person or thing  (She was hailed as a new Marilyn Monroe.) 11 a) used before someone's name when you do not know who they are  (There is a Mr Tom Wilkins on the phone for you.) a certain  (A certain Lisa Blair wishes to speak to you.) b) used before names of days, events in the year etc to mean a particular one  (I can't remember a Christmas like it.) 12 used after such, what, rather and (formal) many to emphasize what you are saying  (What a day! I was late for work and my car broke down.)  (She had spent many a night (=many nights) waiting for him to come home.)
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1.
  or an Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English. Note: 'A' or 'an' is the indefinite article. It is used at the beginning of noun groups which refer to only one person or thing. The form 'an' is used in front of words that begin with vowel sounds. 1. You use a or an when you are referring to someone or something for the first time or when people may not know which particular person or thing you are talking about. A waiter entered with a tray... He started eating an apple... Today you’ve got a new teacher taking you... I manage a hotel. DET: DET sing-n 2. You use a or an when you are referring to any person or thing of a particular type and do not want to be specific. I suggest you leave it to an expert... Bring a sleeping bag... I was waiting for a bus. DET: DET sing-n 3. You use a or an in front of an uncount noun when that noun follows an adjective, or when the noun is followed by words that describe it more fully. There was a terrible sadness in her eyes... DET: DET n-uncount with supp 4. You use a or an in front of a mass noun when you want to refer to a single type or make of something. Bollinger ‘RD’ is a rare, highly prized wine. DET: DET n-mass 5. You use a in quantifiers such as a lot, a little, and a bit. I spend a lot on expensive jewelry and clothing... I’ve come looking for a bit of advice. DET: DET in quant 6. You use a or an to refer to someone or something as a typical member of a group, class, or type. Some parents believe a boy must learn to stand up and fight like a man. DET: DET sing-n 7. You use a or an in front of the names of days, months, or festivals when you are referring to one particular instance of that day, month, or festival. The interview took place on a Friday afternoon... DET: DET sing-n 8. You use a or an when you are saying what someone is or what job they have. I explained that I was an artist... He was now a teacher and a respectable member of the community. DET: DET sing-n 9. You use a...
Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary
2.
  noun suffix Etymology: New Latin, from ~ (as in magnesia)  oxide silica A abbreviation  angstrom unit A  I. noun  (plural a's or as)  Usage: often capitalized, often attributive  Date: before 12th century  1.  a. the 1st letter of the English alphabet  b. a graphic representation of this letter  c. a speech counterpart of orthographic a  2. the sixth tone of a C-major scale  3. a graphic device for reproducing the letter a  4. one designated a especially as the first in order or class  5.  a. a grade rating a student's work as superior in quality  b. one graded or rated with an A  6. something shaped like the letter A  7. capitalized the one of the four ABO blood groups characterized by the presence of antigens designated by the letter A and by the presence of antibodies against the antigens present in the B blood group  II. indefinite article  Etymology: Middle English, from Old English an one — more at one  Date: before 12th century  1. — used as a function word before singular nouns when the referent is unspecified a man overboard and before number collectives and some numbers a dozen  2. the same birds of a feather swords all of a length  3.  a. — used as a function word before a singular noun followed by a restrictive modifier a man who was here yesterday  b. any a man who is sick can't work  c. — used as a function word before a mass noun to denote a particular type or instance a bronze made in ancient times  d. — used as a function word before a proper noun representing an example or type the attractions of a Boston or a Cleveland  e. — used as a function word before a proper noun to indicate limited knowledge about the referent a Mr. Smith called to inquire about the job  f. — used as a function word before a proper noun to distinguish the condition of the referent from a usual, former, or hypothetical condition a triumphant Ms. Jones greeted her supporters  4. — used as a function word with nouns to form adverbial phrases of quantity, amount, or degree felt a bit tired...
Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary
3.
  1. adj. (also an before a vowel) (called the indefinite article) 1 (as an unemphatic substitute) one, some, any. 2 one like (a Judas). 3 one single (not a thing in sight). 4 the same (all of a size). 5 in, to, or for each (twice a year; {pound}20 a man; seven a side). Etymology: weakening of OE an one; sense 5 orig. = A(2) 2. prep. (usu. as prefix) 1 to, towards (ashore; aside). 2 (with verb in pres. part. or infin.) in the process of; in a specified state ( a-hunting; a-wandering; abuzz; aflutter). 3 on (afire; afoot). 4 in (nowadays). Etymology: weakening of OE prep. an, on (see ON) 3. abbr. atto-. A 1. n. (also a) (pl. As or A's) 1 the first letter of the alphabet. 2 Mus. the sixth note of the diatonic scale of C major. 3 the first hypothetical person or example. 4 the highest class or category (of roads, academic marks, etc.). 5 (usu. a) Algebra the first known quantity. 6 a human blood type of the ABO system. Phrases and idioms A1 1 Naut. a a first-class vessel in Lloyd's Register of Shipping. b first-class. 2 colloq. excellent, first-rate. A1, A2 , etc. the standard paper sizes, each half the previous one, e.g. A4 = 297 x 210 mm, A5 = 210 x 148 mm. from A to B from one place to another (a means of getting from A to B). from A to Z over the entire range, completely. 2. abbr. (also A.) 1 Brit. (of films) classified as suitable for an adult audience but not necessarily for children. Usage Now replaced by PG. 2 = A LEVEL. 3 ampere(s). 4 answer. 5 Associate of. 6 atomic (energy etc.). A 1. suffix forming nouns from Greek, Latin, and Romanic feminine singular, esp.: 1 ancient or Latinized modern names of animals and plants (amoeba; campanula). 2 oxides (alumina). 3 geographical names (Africa). 4 ancient or Latinized modern feminine names (Lydia; Hilda). 2. suffix forming plural nouns from Greek and Latin neuter plural, esp. names (often from modern Latin) of zoological groups (phenomena; Carnivora). 3. suffix colloq. sl. 1 of (kinda; coupla). 2 have (mighta; coulda). 3 to (oughta). ...
Толковый словарь английского языка Oxford English Reference
4.
  I сокр. от angstrom ангстрем II сокр. от air course вентиляционная выработка III сокр. от alloyed легированный IV сокр. от ampere ампер V сокр. от annealed отожжённый VI сокр. от anode анод VII сокр. от area 1) площадь; пространство 2) область; зона; район VIII сокр. от atomic weight атомная масса IX сокр. закалка на твердый раствор A I сокр. от absolute абсолютный; безусловный II сокр. от acceleration ускорение; разгон, разбег III сокр. от accommodation размещение; распределение IV сокр. от activity 1) активность 2) деятельность; работа V сокр. от administration 1) администрация 2) управление VI сокр. от aircraft летательный аппарат; воздушное судно VII сокр. от ampere ампер VIII сокр. от amplitude амплитуда IX сокр. от angstrom ангстрем X сокр. от anode анод XI сокр. от area площадь; пространство XII сокр. от association ассоциация XIII сокр. от atom атом XIV сокр. от atomic weight атомная масса XV сокр. от automobile легковой автомобиль ...
Большой Англо-русский Русско-английский политехнический словарь
5.
  1) (abstract) реферат 2) (accumulator) аккумулятор; накапливающий сумматор 3) (amplitude) амплитуда A фин. А а) (обозначение облигаций и привилегированных акций с качеством, характеризующим приемлемый уровень риска, по рейтингу агенства "Стандард энд Пурз" (наряду с качеством, обозначаемым AA и BBB); уступает высшему качеству AAA и превосходит качество BB) See: bond rating, preferred stock, Standard and Poor's, Standard and Poor's ratings, AA, "AAA, BBB, BB, B, CCC, CC, C, D, NR б) (обозначение обыкновенных акций с качеством среднего уровня (самым высоким из качеств среднего уровня; качество среднего уровня, но ниже A обозначается A- и B+), по рейтингу агенства "Стандард энд Пурз") See: ordinary share, Standard and Poor's, Standard and Poor's ratings, A+, A-, B+, B, B-, C, D в) (обозначение облигаций с приемлемым уровнем риска, по рейтингу агенства "Мудиз"; облигации A являются бумагами среднего качества; в категории "бумаги с приемлемым уровнем риска" они занимают среднее положение между облигациями с рейтингом Aa и Baa; дополнительно агенство "Мудиз" использует знаки "1", "2" и "3" для установления рейтинга внутри категории; категория A1 является высшей, категория A3 - низшей) See: bond rating, Moody's Investors Service, Moody's ratings, Aaa, Baa, Ba, B, Caa, C, Moody's investment grade ...
Англо-русский Русско-английский экономический словарь
6.
  1. отлично Оценка по пятибалльной системе, принятой в большинстве школ, колледжей и университетов. См. тж. B, C, D, F, credit, grade point average, NES, straight A student, pass-no pass option 2. см. Moody's ratings 3. см. Standard and Poor's ratings 4. В аббревиатурах - America, American ...
Англо-русский лингвострановедческий словарь
7.
  1. неопределенный артикль; выделяет предмет, существо или явление из группы однородных предметов, существ или явлений: he is a teacher —- он учитель Murmansk is a port in the North —- Мурманск - северный порт there is a book on the table —- на столе лежит книга it was a dog and not a cat that bit me —- меня укусила собака, а не кошка to eat an egg —- съесть яйцо I met a girl —- я встретил (одну) девушку come and see me on a Monday —- заходи ко мне как-нибудь в понедельник he drives a Merc —- он ездит на "Мерседесе" 2. неопределенный артикль; придает имени предмета, существа или явления обобщающий характер: a horse is an animal —- лошадь - животное a pencil is used to write with —- карандашом пользуются для письма, карандашом пишут glucose is a simple sugar —- глюкоза - это моносахарид she is an angel —- она ангел 3. неопределенный артикль: один a dozer eggs —- дюжина яиц it costs a penny —- это стоит одно пении he hasn't a penny —- у него нет ни гроша he could not say a word —- он не мог сказать ни слова wait a minute —- подожди минуту they were killed to a man —- они были убиты все до единого he emptied the glass at a draught —- он выпил стакан залпом 4. неопределенный артикль: употребляется с названиями парных предметов, воспринимаемых как единое целое: a cup and saucer —- чашка с блюдцем a knife and fork —- нож с вилкой 5....
Новый большой англо-русский словарь
8.
  I noun; pl. As, As, Aes  1) первая буква англ. алфавита  2) условное обозначение чего-л. первого по порядку, сортности и т.п.  3) amer. высшая отметка за классную работу - straight A  4) mus. ля  5) группа крови A from A to Z -  а) с начала и до конца; от альфы до омеги, от а до я;  б) в совершенстве; полностью to know smth. from A to Z - знать что-л. как свои пять пальцев; знать что-л. в совершенстве not to know A from B - быть невежественным A 1 -  а) судно первого класса в регистре Ллойда;  б) coll. первоклассный, превосходный; прекрасно, превосходно (амер. A No. 1 II artic.  1) gram. неопределенный артикль (а - перед согласными, перед eu и перед u, когда u произносится как [ju:]; an - перед гласными и перед немым h; напр.: a horse, но an hour; a European, a union, но an umbrella; тж. a one)  2) один it costs a dollar - это стоит один доллар  3) употр. перед little, few, good/great many и перед счетными существительными a dozen дюжина, a score два десятка a little water (time, happiness) - немного воды (времени, счастья) a few days - несколько дней a good/great many days - очень много дней  4) (обыкн. после all of, many of) такой же, одинаковый all of a size - все одного размера, все одной и той же величины  5) с неисчисляемыми существительными указывает на порцию, единицу чего-л. Id like a coffee, please - дайте, пожалуйста,...
Англо-русский словарь
9.
  veterin. abbr. Animals veterin. abbr. Ant veterin. abbr. Ape veterin. abbr. Anteater physiol. abbr. Adenine UN abbr. America supp. abbr. American transport. abbr. Autos U.S. state abbr. Americas physics abbr. Absorbance chemis. abbr. Atom ac. degr. abbr. Art univ. abbr. Advanced months abbr. April food abbr. Apple clothes abbr. Apron gen. comp. abbr. Archived telec. abbr. All file ext. abbr. ADA Program perf. arts abbr. Act educ. abbr. Artemis educ. abbr. Adjective law abbr. Absurd gen. bus. abbr. Archives NYSE symbols Agilent Technologies pos. abbr. Actor pos. abbr. Ambient ...
English abbreviation dictionary
10.
  - in native (derived from O.E.) words, it most commonly represents O.E. an, on, as in alive, asleep, etc., forming adjectives and adverbs from nouns; but it also can be M.E. of, as in anew, abreast (1599); or a reduced form of O.E. ge-, as in aware; or the O.E. intens. a-, as in arise, awake, ashame, marking a verb as momentary, a single event. The habit of tacking a- onto a gerund (as in a-hunting we will go) died out 18c. As a prefix meaning "not," it is from Gk. Many words beginning with a- in Mod.Eng. are transparent (afire, etc.) and etymologies can be found in listings for their stems. Words listed here are those whose unprefixed form is not an obvious word in Eng. or whose meaning has drifted significantly (amuse). A -1 - 1837, Lloyd's of London designation for ships in first-class condition. ...
Английский Этимологический словарь

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