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Англо-русский строительный словарь - abuse

 

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Перевод с английского языка abuse на русский

abuse

1) небрежность, неправильное употребление; злоупотребление

2) эксплуатация с нарушениями правил

3) пренебрегать нормами эксплуатации (оборудования, машины, станка)

abuse of creditabuse of environment

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См. в других словарях

1.
   1. noun  1) оскорбление; брань to exchange abuse - оскорблять друг друга to break out into abuse - разразиться бранью to bombard smb. with abuse - осыпать кого-л. оскорблениями to receive abuse - подвергаться нападкам retorted abuse - ответное оскорбление  2) плохое/жестокое обращение abuse of children - жестокое обращение с детьми  3) злоупотребление abuse of power - злоупотребление властью drug of abuse - лекарство, допускающее злоупотребление (стимулятор, наркотик, галлюциноген и т.п.)  4) неправильное употребление или (ис)пользование abuse of words - неправильное или необычное употребление слов abuses of figures - подтасовка статистических данных  5) нападение, избиение; изнасилование, особ. совращение малолетних  6) tech. эксплуатация с нарушением правил/норм  2. v.  1) оскорблять; ругать; поносить, бесчестить to abuse smb. left and right - поносить кого-л. на чём свет стоит the candidates abused each other - кандидаты занимались взаимными нападками  2) мучить; жестоко обращаться to abuse a child - жестоко обращаться с ребёнком to abuse a horse - загнать лошадь  3) портить; неосторожно пользоваться чем-л. to abuse ones eyesight - перенапрягать зрение  4) злоупотреблять to abuse rights - злоупотреблять правами to abuse ones authority; - превышать свои полномочия to abuse smb. s complaisance...
Англо-русский словарь
2.
  1. брань, ругательства; оскорбление to exchange abuse —- оскорблять друг друга to break out into abuse —- разразиться бранью to heap abuse on smb. —- осыпать кого-л. оскорблениями 2. плохое или жестокое обращение abuse of children —- жестокое обращение с детьми 3. неправильное употребление или использование abuse of words —- неправильное или необычное употребление слов abuses of figures —- подтасовка статистических данных 4. злоупотребление crying abuse —- вопиющее злоупотребление drug abuse —- злоупотребление наркотиками abuse of power —- злоупотребление властью abuse of trust —- злоупотребление доверием abuse of process —- юр. злоумышленное использование одной стороной процессуальных законов во вред противной стороне 5. нападение, избиение 6. изнасилование, совращение малолетних 7. тех. эксплуатация с нарушением правил или норм 8. оскорблять, ругать, поносить to abuse smb. left and right —- поносить кого-л. на чем свет стоит the candidates abused each other —- кандидаты занимались взаимными нападками 9. мучить; жестоко обращаться to abuse a child —- жестоко обращаться с ребенком to abuse a horse —- загнать лошадь 10. портить; неосторожно пользоваться чем-л. to abuse one's eyesight —- перенапрягать зрение; не жалеть своих глаз 11. злоупотреблять to abuse...
Новый большой англо-русский словарь
3.
  1) неправильное употребление; злоупотребление 2) эксплуатация с нарушением правил ...
Англо-русский Русско-английский биологический словарь
4.
  1. сущ. злоупотребление - abuse of authority - abuse of benefits - abuse of credit - abuse of deteriorated quality - abuse of discretion - abuse of environment - abuse of monopoly - abuse of power - abuse of process - abuse of rights - abuse of skimped quality - abuse of taxation - child abuse - drug abuse 2. гл. злоупотреблять ABUSE 1) злоупотребление; злоупотреблять 2) неправильное употребление 3) неправомочное пользование 4) вводить в заблуждение – to abuse a monopoly – to abuse a patent – abuse of confidence – abuse of discretion – abuse of environment – abuse of invention – abuse of patent – abuses of skimped quality – abuse of the translation – abuse of trademark ...
Англо-русский Русско-английский экономический словарь
5.
  неправильная эксплуатация; неправильное обращение ...
Большой Англо-русский Русско-английский политехнический словарь
6.
  v. & n. --v.tr. 1 use to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse (abused his position of power). 2 insult verbally. 3 maltreat. --n. 1 a incorrect or improper use (the abuse of power). b an instance of this. 2 insulting language (a torrent of abuse). 3 unjust or corrupt practice. 4 maltreatment of a person (child abuse). Derivatives abuser n. Etymology: ME f. OF abus (n.), abuser (v.) f. L abusus, abuti (as AB-, uti us- USE) ...
Толковый словарь английского языка Oxford English Reference
7.
   I. noun  Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French abus, from Latin abusus, from abuti to consume, from ab- + uti to use  Date: 15th century  1. a corrupt practice or custom  2. improper or excessive use or treatment ; misuse drug ~ ~ of tranquilizers  3. obsolete a deceitful act ; deception  4. language that condemns or vilifies usually unjustly, intemperately, and angrily  5. physical maltreatment Synonyms:  ~, vituperation, invective, obloquy, billingsgate mean vehemently expressed condemnation or disapproval. ~ the most general term, usually implies the anger of the speaker and stresses the harshness of the language scathing verbal ~. vituperation implies fluent and sustained ~ a torrent of vituperation. invective implies a comparable vehemence but suggests greater verbal and rhetorical skill and may apply to a public denunciation blistering political invective. obloquy suggests defamation and consequent shame and disgrace subjected to obloquy and derision. billingsgate implies practiced fluency and variety of profane or obscene ~ directed a stream of billingsgate at the cabdriver.  II. transitive verb  (~d; abusing)  Date: 15th century  1.  a. to put to a wrong or improper use ~ a privilege  b. to use excessively ~ alcohol; also to use without medical justification ~ing painkillers  2. obsolete deceive  3. to use so as to injure or damage ; maltreat  4. to attack in words ; revile  • abusable adjective  • ~r noun ...
Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary
8.
  (abused) Frequency: The word is one of the 1500 most common words in English. 1. Abuse of someone is cruel and violent treatment of them. ...investigation of alleged child abuse. ...victims of sexual and physical abuse. ...controversy over human rights abuses. N-UNCOUNT: also N in pl, usu with supp 2. Abuse is extremely rude and insulting things that people say when they are angry. I was left shouting abuse as the car sped off... N-UNCOUNT 3. Abuse of something is the use of it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose. What went on here was an abuse of power. ...drug and alcohol abuse. N-VAR: with supp 4. If someone is abused, they are treated cruelly and violently. Janet had been abused by her father since she was eleven. ...parents who feel they cannot cope or might abuse their children. ...those who work with abused children. VERB: be V-ed, V n, V-ed • abuser (abusers) ...a convicted child abuser. N-COUNT 5. You can say that someone is abused if extremely rude and insulting things are said to them. He alleged that he was verbally abused by other soldiers. = insult VERB: be V-ed, also V n 6. If you abuse something, you use it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose. He showed how the rich and powerful can abuse their position. VERB: V n • abuser ...the treatment of alcohol and drug abusers. N-COUNT ...
Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary
9.
  ~1 n 1 the use of something in a way that it should not be used + of  (government officials' abuse of power) open to ~ (=able or likely to be used in the wrong way)  (The city's metro system is open to abuse by fare dodgers.) alcohol/drug/solvent ~ (=the practice of drinking too much or taking illegal drugs)  (The fraud department only deals with the worst abuse.) 2 rude or offensive things that someone says to someone else  (I don't see why I should put up with this kind of abuse from anyone.) a stream/torrent of ~ (=a series of rude or angry words) shout/scream/hurl ~ at  (The driver leaned out of his window and started hurling abuse at me.) a term of ~ (=a word or phrase used to insult someone) 3 cruel or violent treatment, often involving forced sexual activity, of someone that you are responsible for or should look after  (child abuse | sexual abuse) ~2 v 1 to deliberately use something such as power or authority, for the wrong purpose  (Williams abused his position as Mayor to give jobs to his friends.) ~ sb's trust/confidence etc (=deceive someone who trusts or depends on you in order to get advantages for yourself) 2 to treat someone in a cruel and violent way, often sexually, especially someone that you should look after  (People who were abused as children often turn into child-abusers themselves.) 3 to say rude or offensive things to someone 4 to treat something so badly that you start to destroy it  (Richards abused his body for years with heroin and cocaine.) 5 ~ yourself to masturbate ...
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

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